Disclaimer:
I’m being impartial here, if you have any comments or disagree with anything feel free to comment and I’ll correct / update the post.
Also, this is meant to cover home printers only.

Miicraft

High resolution printer @ $2k (> 0.1mm)
DLP projector + resin
http://www.indiegogo.com/miicraft
 

Makerbot
Industry standard, good support, strong community
Plastic Extrusion
A bit expensive IMO. (up to $2000)
http://store.makerbot.com

Printrbot
Good printer based on reprap, started in kickstarter
Great price ($500-$700)
Plastic Extrusion
Easy to build
http://printrbot.com/

Makibot
On-going, crowdfunded
Great price (claimed to cost $300)
Plastic Extrusion
http://makibox.com/

Prusa Mendel
Traditional reprap printer based on the Mendel
Probably the easiest to build from all repraps ( but still not that easy)
Simple to customize with many improvements available online.
Price greatly depends on where you buy the parts and your own build choices..
Prusa Mendel assembly instructions: http://garyhodgson.com/reprap/prusa-mendel-visual-instructions/
http://reprap.org/wiki/Prusa

Software:
OpenSCAD (http://www.openscad.org)

Open source list of models: thingiverse.com (by Makerbot)

3rd party / Order by internet websites:
shapeways.com (slow delivery but cheap)
sculpteo.com (faster but more expensive)

For parts:
GRRF.de (German RepRap Foundation)
thingfarm.org (UK Based)
eBay:  http://qs.kapouta.com/h
Or a list of providers: http://reprap.org/wiki/Prusa_Mendel_Buyers_Guide